Gastric Problems, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Gastrointestinal disorder refers to the diseases that involve the gastrointestinal tract. GI tract consists of a series of hollow organs joined in a twisting and long tube. The organs that combine to make up the gastrointestinal tract are mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and liver, pancreas, and gallbladder.
Types of gastrointestinal disorders
Functional gastrointestinal disorder
There are the disorders in which the gastrointestinal tract looks normal but is not functioning properly. It is a functional gastrointestinal disorder. Irritable bowel syndrome and constipation are common examples.
Structural gastrointestinal disorder
These are the disorders in which there is a structural abnormality due to which it doesn’t work properly. These disorders are commonly known as Structural gastrointestinal disorders. Common examples include hemorrhoids, gastrointestinal reflux disease, colon polyps, diverticular disease
Common gastrointestinal disorders
Constipation is one of the common types of gastrointestinal disorders. In this disorder, bowel movement is hard, infrequent, and incomplete. The main cause of constipation is a disruption in the routine and diet.
In constipation, bowel movement generally hurts the patient. It results in hard and hard stools. Furthermore, it may result in hemorrhoids and other problems like fissures. Constipation is not an alarming disorder and rarely becomes the cause of serious medical conditions.
Irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a nervous stomach or irritable colon condition. It is a condition in which the colon muscles contract. There are certain factors like medicines, specific food, and emotional stress that can result in IBS.
Its symptoms include bloating, excess gas, constipation, and diarrhea. It can be cured by increasing fiber diet, avoiding caffeine, and adapting some other habits.
Hemorrhoids are the condition in which there is a swelling in the lining of blood vessels around the anal opening. They may be external or internal. Its symptoms include bloating, cramps, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and alternating constipation.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
GERD is a condition in which the patient experiences acids reflux more than two to three times a week. Heartburn or acid reflux occurs when stomach acid and content drip into the stomach. It results in chest pain, causing a burning sensation.
It can damage the esophagus and can result in serious health complications if left untreated. GERD usually shows symptoms of discomfort, dry cough, chest area discomfort, sour taste in the mouth, and bitter taste in the mouth.
Gallstones are stone-like lumps in the gallbladder and bile duct. They vary in size and can be in the size of a sand grain to the golf ball. In the upper right abdomen, the gallbladder is a small digestive organ.
The exact cause of gallstone is not exactly familiar, but most probably, it forms when the concentration of cholesterol and bilirubin increases. The most common symptom is a pain in the upper right corner of the abdomen. In serious cases, doctors recommend surgery.
Chronic pancreatitis is a disorder in which there is inflammation in the pancreas. It is a condition that doesn’t easily cure but probably get worse with time. It is a progressive condition; therefore, it takes more time to heal as compared to others.
Symptoms usually don’t appear commonly, but in some cases, weight loss, loss of pale stool, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting are common.
Causes of gastrointestinal disorder
Digestive upset is common, but gastrointestinal disorders are different conditions.
Do you know the difference between normal stomach upset and digestive disorders?
Most of us don’t know about it and ignore the symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders. The symptoms of GI disorders may vary from severe to mild. Here is a list of causes that can result in gastrointestinal disorder. These causes mostly affect the GI tract and most noteworthy its motility.
- Lazy routine
- Resisting the urge of bowel movement
- Resisting bowel movement because of the hemorrhoids pain
- Having a low fiber diet
- Not having enough exercise
- Having a sudden change in daily routine
- A large number of dairy products
- Antacids medicines containing aluminum or calcium
- Overuse of stool softeners
- Antidepressants or narcotics
If you are often experiencing the following symptoms, then you might be experiencing gastrointestinal disorders
- Excess gas and bloating
- Abdominal pain
The treatment of gastrointestinal disorders varies on different factors. First of all, disorder type is important to diagnose for the treatment and then according to the conditions.
- Having a good rest
- By drinking plenty of water
- By following healthy diets, especially the BRAT diet. In this diet, the patient eats food that is easy to digest and especially has unique benefits. At the same time, the food that is not good for health, and is strictly abandoned.
- By using medications that help relieve the symptoms. In constipation, laxatives are useful.
- After a complete examination, your doctor may advise a special treatment, especially to ease your symptoms.
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Most of all, never use any medication without the prescription of your doctor.
End word by the writer
In conclusion, let me make it clear that gastrointestinal disorders are not clear and can be mixed with a random stomach illness. Besides, if you are experiencing these symptoms often, it may be due to gastrointestinal disorders. Go for a proper checkup to diagnose it early and avoid its side effects, especially future complications.
Can gastrointestinal problems cause chest pain?
Yes, some GI disorders result in chest pain. Such disorders are ulcer, muscle spasm, pancreatitis, and especially GERD. The most common reason is the leakage of stomach acid in the esophagus.
Can gastrointestinal problems cause high blood pressure?
According to the research, there are more than 60% risk factors for high blood pressure related to metabolic disorders. Most noteworthy is that many metabolic diseases can cause high blood pressure.
Is appendicitis a gastrointestinal disorder?
Yes, appendicitis is a gastrointestinal disorder. In this condition, the appendix has acute inflammation. It results in abdominal tenderness, abdominal pain, and anorexia. Appendicitis can easily diagnose by some tests, especially through ultrasonography. The treatment of appendicitis includes the surgical removal of the appendix.