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Different Types of Dissecting Scissors and Their Uses in Surgeries

According to the Heart, Trauma, and Sepsis Research Laboratory, Australia, 10 million major surgeries are performed each year globally. The main purpose of surgeries is to remove or transplant damaged tissues and organs in order to improve human health.

During surgeries, surgeons use various dissecting scissors in order to remove and dissect tissues. They have varying patterns of blades that help in cutting different types of tissues.

In this article, we will discuss various tissue cutting scissors and their uses in surgeries.

What Are The Different Types of Dissecting Scissors?

Surgeons use various scissors according to the need and type of surgical procedures. Some commonly used scissors are Mayo Scissors, Metzenbaum Scissors, Iris Scissors, Cardiovascular and Thoracic Scissors, Deaver Scissors, etc. Let’s discuss their features and use during surgical procedures.

  • Mayo Scissors

Mayo dissecting Scissors are heavy scissors with semi-blunt blades that are useful for cutting hard tissues and muscles during surgical procedures. Surgeons use them for cutting tissues in deep surgical spaces. These scissors have been designed with finger ring handles for a comfortable grip.

Mayo scissors are available in straight and curved variations to accommodate the surgeon’s needs. The straight shape scissors are useful for cutting sutures, while the curved ones are ideal for deeper tissue cutting.

Furthermore, the edges of the blade can be blunt or rounded for use in various surgical procedures. Round edges scissors are generally used in delicate surgical procedures for cutting tissues without damaging the nearby tissues.

These scissors are made of German stainless steel and may have Tungsten carbide inserts in the blades for longevity.

  • Metzenbaum Scissors

Metzenbaum scissors have delicate blades used for soft tissue dissection during surgical procedures. These scissors have a long handle-to-blade ratio, which provides greater maneuverability to the surgeon during surgeries.

Surgeons use them for blunt dissection in deeper surgical areas. However, they are not suitable for cutting hard tissues and sutures. These scissors are available in curved and straight blades with blunt or round edges to accommodate the needs of surgical experts.

  • Iris Scissors

Iris scissors are unique surgical scissors with short blades and sharp edges. Surgeons primarily use them in ophthalmic surgical procedures for cutting delicate tissues. These scissors have finer blades than Metzenbaum scissors, which makes them ideal for dissecting soft eye tissues.

Iris scissors are preferred for laceration repair and detailed tissue dissection in postmortem examination procedures. These are available in straight and curved patterns for cutting necrotic and contour tissues smoothly. Surgeons also use them in suturing procedures for the removal of sutures. These are commonly kept in the first aid box to provide emergency wound care.

  • Cardiovascular and Thoracic Scissors

Cardiovascular and thoracic scissors are uniquely designed for cutting and dissecting tissues during cardiovascular surgical procedures. They have a slender structure of long shanks attached to the finger ring handles for a comfortable hold.

These scissors have sharp blades in straight, angled, and curved patterns for finely cutting tissues during various surgical procedures. They are generally made of German stainless steel and may have tungsten carbide inserts in the blades in some variations.

  • Neurosurgical Scissors

Neurosurgical scissors are ideal for cutting and dissecting soft tissues during neurosurgery. They feature sharp blades for accurate tissue cutting and finger ring handles that perfectly fit in the surgeon’s hand.

Neurosurgery scissors with curved blades are ideal for surgical site exploration and enlarging incisions. Besides, they are available in straight patterns to accommodate the needs of surgeons in various surgical procedures. In addition, their long shank pattern provides greater maneuverability in deeper spaces.

  • Deaver Scissors

Deaver scissors are ideal for blunt dissection of tissues in general, ENT, and other surgical procedures. They feature sharp blades for precise tissue cutting and finger ring handles for a firm grip during surgeries.

These scissors are available in straight and curved patterns, along with sharp or blunt tips. Their supercut pattern has razor-sharp edges, which are ideal for cutting hard tissues during surgical procedures.

Where to Get Quality Scissors?

Dissecting scissors are ideal for tissue dissection in various surgical procedures. You can get all types of scissors from GerMedUSA. They manufacture their surgical instruments with German stainless steel, which makes them resistant to rust.

Their instruments are available in multiple variations so that you can pick the best one according to your needs. The good thing about the platform is that they offer customization to help you get the tools according to your required designation. Visit the website for further valuable details.


  • What are cutting scissors made of?

Tissue-cutting scissors are made of German stainless steel and may include tungsten carbide inserts in the jaws. The material makes the scissors resistant to corrosion because of the chromium content.

  • Do scissors require maintenance?

Scissors with delicate blades can not cut the hard tissues and sutures. Their blades get dull if you cut heavy tissues with them and require adequate maintenance for resharpening. That’s why you should only use the scissors for their intended purpose, so you do not need to spend money on their maintenance.


Harper Krouse
Harper Krouse

Experienced author Harper specializes in writing about diet, exercise, and health. She is a precision nutrition level 1 coach and a licensed personal trainer. She enjoys biking and exploring new places in pursuit of challenging and enjoyable experiences. She enjoys weight training, strolling in the woods with her spouse, and practicing meditation.

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